education

Grape Glossary

Zoom image alternative names: Alvarinho, Albarin Blanco, Cainho Branco growing locations: Spain: Rías Baixas; Portugal: Vinho Verde aromas: Citrus, grapefruit, lemon peel and white peach, with floral and almond notes
Back to All Grapes

Albariño

play
expression

As a single varietal wine from the Rías Baixas, Albariño is light, elegant and fresh with high extract and good acidity. The grape is called Alvarinho in Portugal and is used to make Vinho Verde in the Minho region. This variety is an accessory grape in other appellations in Portugal and northern Spain. Most Albarinos don’t go through malolactic fermentation because winemakers want to retain the grape’s fresh acidity and clean, mineral flavors. Winemakers are currently experimenting with partial malos, full malos and oak aging, especially with top cuvées.

growing conditions

Albariño is a late ripening, moderately cool to warm climate variety. Though fairly vigorous, its bunches yield a small amount of juice because of the number of pips in the berries. The fruit is hardy, with thick skin, a key contributor to its intense fragrance. With extended hang time, the grape is high in sugar and potential alcohol and is invariably extremely high in acid.

origin and history

It is believed that Albariño is indigenous to Galicia in northwest Spain.

Share this site: