Grape Glossary

Zoom image alternative names: Refosco dal Pedunculo Rosso, Refošk, Teran growing locations: Italy: Colli Orientali and Grave del Friuli in Friuli, Lison-Pramaggiore, Latisana and Aquileia; Slovenia: Koper district; Croatia aromas: Plums, dark fruits and spices, with almond notes.
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Gives a deeply-colored, medium- to full-bodied wine with plum, dark fruit and spicy characters, and firm tannins.

growing conditions

Named for its red stem, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso is one of several red grapes that makes robust wine in northeast Italy’s region of Friuli. Grown in the hillside valley floor vineyards of Friuli, the grape is known as a very late ripener. With relatively high acidity that can be difficult to attenuate, Refosco has the advantage of good resistance to autumn rains and rot.

origin and history

Has a long history in Friuli and was praised by Pliny the Elder, producing the favorite wine of Livia, the second wife of Augustus Caesar, as cited in the Annals of Friuli of Francesco di Manzano in 1390. DNA profiling at San Michele All'adige recently revealed a genetic connection to Marzemino, another ancient variety from northern Italy.

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